Farming enables you to grow various resources that can be used in a number of other skills, such as Herblore and Cooking, as well as providing you with a source of raw food.
Before you start any farming, you need to get yourself some tools. There are four Farming Shops in RuneScape. They are indicated by an icon that looks like a Plant Pot.
The four shops are located in:
- North-west of Port Phasmatys
- South-east of Falador (north of Port Sarim)
- North of East Ardougne
- North of Catherby
You don't need every item in the shop right away. The tools that you need to purchase are:
- Seed Dibber
- Watering Can
- Gardening Trowel
It would do you some good to make sure that you have some Empty Buckets with you too for Compost, which is discussed later in the guide.
Table of Tools
|Rake||Used to clear weeds from your Farming patches.|
|Seed Dibber||Used to plant seeds.|
|Secateurs||Used to remove diseased parts from trees and bushes.|
|Watering Can||Used to water your plants. It can be refilled at any water source (such as a sink or fountain).|
|Spade||Used to harvest your plants, or to remove dead ones from your Farming patch.|
|Gardening Trowel||Used to fill a Plant Pot with soil and to plant a sapling into a Farming patch.|
|Plant Pot||Used to grow a sapling from a tree seed before you plant it into a Farming patch.|
|Compost||Used on Farming patches to increase your chance of the plant in the patch not becoming diseased. Crops will also yield more when harvesting them if they were fertilised.|
|Supercompost||Used the same way as regular Compost, but this is an upgraded version.|
|Plant Cure||Used to cure diseased plants. It can't be used on trees or bushes. A plant cure will be used up after only one use.|
|Empty Sack||It can be used to carry a up to 10 vegetables at a time. Just right-click it and choose to fill it if you wish for it to hold on to any for you, or you can right-click the item and "use" it on the Empty Sack. You can right-click it and empty it to instantly get everything out of it when you have the need, and have enough space in your pack.|
|Basket||It can be used to carry up to 5 pieces of fruit at a time. From there it works the same way as an Empty Sack (see above).|
|Amulet of Farming||It can be attuned to allotments and flower patches so that it can tell you when that certain patch is diseaed, ready to harvest, or dies. An Amulet of Farming that is fully charged will have 8 charges. With each use it'll go down by 1 charge until it is finally destroyed.|
|Scarecrow||If planted in a flower patch then it will protect sweetcorn planted in the allotment patches at that same location.|
|Magic Secateurs||If worn when harvesting from an allotment, herb, or hops patch; you will get 10% more from your harvest. This item is obtained from the quest: Fairy Tale Part 1. These can also be used like normal Secateurs.|
|Magic Watering Can||Used the same way as a normal Watering Can, but it does not need to be refilled. This item is obtained from the quest: Fairy Tale Part 3|
As you can see above, RuneScape contains Leprechauns. They are more than just there for decoration, they are beyond useful when it comes to the Farming skill. They can store certain Farming tools for you. They will store certain numbers of these items too. The storage system is shared between all Leprechauns, so you don't have to worry about which one to store your items with. They can be found next to anything you can use Farming to plant in. Although they vary in graphics, they all wear the same little outfit.
Leprechauns can only carry so much. You may note that the Secateurs and Watering Can in the picture above vary from your own. This is due to the storage from the picture above containing Magic versions from the Fairy Tale questline, instead of being their normal counterparts.
Gardeners have a simple job. You can pay them with stuff that you can Farm to watch over certain crops. They will only watch after your allotment patches at a basic plot. You can find gardeners at every place that you can plant something with Farming, just like leprechauns. They can be paid to watch over trees and fruit trees, as well as bushes and hops. Calquats, Jade Vines, and Spirit Trees can be looked after by gardeners too.
A compost bin is used to make compost. You can use it to make Compost or Supercompost. In order to make either type you have to put in 15 of a certain item into the bin, then close it and wait for about an hour for it to be ready. To harvest the Compost or Supercompost, make sure that you have Empty Buckets in your pack and then use one on the open bin.
Items that make normal Compost:
- Low level Farming crops such as Cabbage
Items that make Supercompost (Recommended ones):
- Pineapples (the most common used to make Supercompost)
Now that you know about all the different tools, it's time to visit your first Farming patch. There are multiple types of farming patches located around the world: allotments, hops, trees, fruit trees, bushes, spirit trees, belladonna, evil turnips, mushrooms, cactus, calquat trees, and jade vine patches.
The basic allotment plot is shown in the picture below.
An allotment plot consists of three different patches. There are 2 allotment patches, an herb patch, and flowers patches.
There are four basic allotment plot locations (you'll notice that they're where the four Farming shops are from earlier in the Guide):
|North-west of Port Phasmatys (west of the ghost's farm)|
|South-east of Falador (north of Port Sarim, you go through the cabbage patch)|
|North of East Ardougne (east of the windmill)|
|North of Catherby (directly north of the bank)|
An allotment patch is used to grow vegetables and fruit. Most allotments can be protected by growing certain flowers along side of them, or paying a farmer to take care of them. Each allotment needs 3 of the same seeds in order to plant.
|Level||Seed||Plant||Time to Grow||Planting EXP||Harvest EXP||Protection|
|1||Potatoes||40 Minutes||8||9.5||Marigolds or paying farmer (2 buckets of compost)|
|5||Onions||40 Minutes||9.5||10.5||Marigolds or paying farmer (1 sack of potatoes)|
|7||Cabbages||40 Minutes||10||11.5||Rosemary or paying farmer (1 sack of onions)|
|12||Tomatoes||40 Minutes||12.5||14||Marigolds or paying farmer (2 sacks of cabbages)|
|20||Sweetcorn||50 Minutes||17||19||Scarecrows or paying farmer (10 jute fibres)|
|31||Strawberries||60 Minutes||26||29||Paying farmer (1 basket of apples)|
|47||Watermelons||70 Minutes||48.5||54.5||Nasturtium, or paying farmer (10 curry leaves)|
Herb patches are used to grow the herbs used to make potions. Herb patches cannot be protected from disease, with the sole exception being Trollheim (After My Arm's Big Adventure) which never gets diseased. A herb patch only requires one seed to plant.
|Level||Seed||Plant||Time to Grow||Planting EXP||Harvest EXP|
|36||Spirit weed||80 Minutes||32||36|
|79||Dwarf weed||80 Minutes||170.5||192|
Flower patches grow flowers that protect your allotments from disease. They require only one seed to plant. You can grow the flowers in advance of planting allotments, or alongside the growing allotments, however, they will not protect from disease until they are fully grown.
|Level||Seed||Plant||Time to Grow||Plant EXP||Harvest EXP||Uses|
|2||Marigold||20 Minutes||8.5||47||Protects potatoes, onions, and tomatoes when fully grown. Harvested to make Bull ant pouches.|
|11||Rosemary||20 Minutes||12||66.5||Protects cabbages when fully grown.|
|24||Nasturtium||20 Minutes||19.5||111||Protects watermelons when fully grown.|
|25||Woad||20 Minutes||20.5||115.5||Used to make blue dye.|
|26||Limpwurt||20 Minutes||21.5||120||Used to make strength and super strength potions.|
|52||White lily||80 Minutes||70||250||Protects all crops in an allotment patch when fully grown.|
Hops are a primary ingredient in the brewing of beers and ales. Except for Jute patches (which require 3 seeds), hops patches require 4 seeds to plant.
|Level||Seed||Plant||Time to Grow||Plant EXP||Harvest EXP||Protection|
|3||Barley||40 Minutes||8.5||9.5||3 buckets of compost|
|4||Hammerstone hops||40 Minutes||9||10||1 marigold|
|8||Asgarnian hops||50 Minutes||10.5||12||1 sack of onions|
|13||Jute fibre||50 Minutes||13||14.5||6 barley malt|
|16||Yanillian hops||60 Minutes||14.5||16||1 basket of tomatoes|
|21||Krandorian hops||70 Minutes||17.5||19.5||3 sacks of cabbage|
|28||Wildblood hops||80 Minutes||23||26||1 nasturtium|
Bushes are plants that produce berries. Berries have many uses through the world, from pies to making dye and potion making. Bushes require one seed to plant, and, once fully grown will continue to produce berries endlessly.
|Level||Seed||Plant||Time to Grow||Plant EXP||Check Health EXP||Harvest EXP|
|70||Poison ivy berries||160 Minutes||120||674||45|
Trees are grown differently than other plants, as you must first plant them in a plant pot in your inventory. If you have an empty plant pot, you can use the plant pot and a trowel (either with the one in your inventory, or one on your toolbelt) on any farming patch to fill it up with dirt. Once it's filled with dirt, add the seeds to the plant pots with the trowel, and finally, water them. Once they're watered, you can let them sit (either in your inventory, or in your bank) until they grow into saplings. You can plant them in a tree patch any time after they've grown into saplings.
|Level||Tree||Tree||Time to Grow||Plant EXP||Check Health EXP||Farmer Payment|
|15||Oak tree||2 hours, 40 minutes||14||467.3||1 basket of tomatoes|
|30||Willow tree||4 hours||25||1456.3||1 basket of apples|
|45||Maple tree||5 hours, 20 minutes||45||3403.4||1 basket of oranges|
|60||Yew tree||6 hours, 40 minutes||81||7069.9||10 cactus spines|
|75||Magic tree||8 hours||145.5||13768.3||25 coconuts|
Fruit Tree Patches
Fruit trees are grown the same way as normal trees. You must first grow the tree into a sapling in a plant pot. If you need to fill the plant pot first, you can use the plant pot and a trowel (either with the one in your inventory, or one on your toolbelt) on any farming patch to fill it with dirt. Once it's filled with dirt, add the seeds to the plant pot with the trowel, and finally, water them. Once they're watered, you can let them sit (either in your inventory, or in your bank) until they grow into saplings. You can plant them in a tree patch any time after they've grown into saplings.
|Level||Seed||Tree||Time to Grow||Plant EXP||Check Health EXP||Harvest EXP||Farmer Payment|
|27||Apple tree||16 hours||22||1199.5||8.5||9 raw sweetcorn|
|33||Banana tree||16 hours||28||1750.5||10.5||4 baskets of apples|
|39||Orange tree||16 hours||35.5||2470.2||13.5||3 baskets of strawberries|
|42||Curry tree||16 hours||40||2906.9||15||5 baskets of bananas|
|51||Pineapple tree||16 hours||57||4605.7||21.5||10 watermelons|
|57||Papaya tree||16 hours||72||6146.4||27||10 pineapples|
|68||Palm tree||16 hours||110.5||10150.1||41.5||15 papayas|
There are also a few miscelleneous patches across the world that only hold one type of plant, and for the most part, are one of a kind. These patches, and the plants within them, normally have special uses.
|Level||Seed||Plant||Time to Grow||Plant EXP||Check Health EXP||Harvest EXP||Farmer Payment||Notes|
|42||Evil turnip||5 minutes||41||N/A||46||N/A||Used for summoning|
|53||Bittercap mushroom||4 hours||61.5||N/A||57.2||N/A||Bittercap mushrooms have multiple uses around the world.|
|53||Jade vine||16 hours||50||1500||N/A||10 Wildblood hops||The Jade vine is a significant portion of the Back to My Roots quest, and killing an overgrown jade vine is a daily 1,500 slayer experience boost.|
|55||Cactus||9 hours 20 minutes||66.5||374||25||N/A||Cactus spines are used in potion making (Weapon poison+) as well as payments for yew trees.|
|63||Belladona||5 hours, 20 minutes||91||N/A||512||N/A||Used to make potions (Weapon poison++)|
|72||Calquat tree||21 hours, 20 minutes||129.5||12096||48.5||8 poison ivy berries||Used to make kegs for brewing ales|
|74||Morchella mushroom||4 hours||160||N/A||77.7||N/A||Used in potion making (Prayer renewal)|
|83||Spirit tree||58 hours, 40 minutes||199.5||19301.8||N/A||5 monkey nuts, 1 monkey bar, 1 ground tooth||Unlike the rest of the miscellenious plants, there are multiple spirit tree patches around the world. However, you can only plant one tree at a time, or two after completing The Prisoner of Glouphrie quest (with 86 farming). They connect to the spirit tree network and can be used to teleport.|
One you reach Level 99 Farming, you may go and purchase a special cape and hood from Martin the Master Gardener who is in Draynor Village. The cape and hood cost 99k to buy. When you put the Farming Cape on, you'll temporarily gain a boost in Farming that will put it at level 100/99 instead of 99/99. Awesome!
There are two forms of the Farming Cape, one that is non-trimmed(you only have on level 99 skill), and one that is trimmed (you have more than one level 99 skill). A trimmed cape will have a +4 Prayer bonus, when worn, under your equipment stats.
Untrimmed Farming Cape and Hood being worn
Trimmed Farming Cape and Hood being worn
Inventory pictures of the Farming Cape (untrimmed left, trimmed right) and Hood.